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New CCR5 Inhibitor UK-427,857 Study for Treatment-Experienced Patients
  Trial of UK-427,857 in Combination with Optimized Background Therapy versus Optimized Background Therapy Alone for the Treatment of HIV-1 Infected Subjects
Phase II/III Study
This study is currently recruiting patients.
Sponsored by: Pfizer
Information provided by: Pfizer
Study Design: Treatment, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Control, Parallel Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial of a Novel CCR5 Antagonist, UK-427,857, in Combination with Optimized Background Therapy versus Optimized Background Therapy Alone for the Treatment of Antiretroviral-experienced HIV-1 Infected Subjects
Expected Total Enrollment: 500
Study start: December 2004
Location and Contact Information
Call: 734-622-7600 ClinicalTrials.gov@Pfizer.com
New York: Pfizer Investigational Site, New York, New York, 10018, United States; Recruiting
North Carolina: Pfizer Investigational Site, Huntersville, North Carolina, 28078, United States; Recruiting
Texas: Pfizer Investigational Site, Dallas, Texas, 75208, United States; Recruiting
UK-427,857, a selective and reversible CCR5 coreceptor antagonist, has been shown to be active in vitro against a wide range of clinical isolates (including those resistant to existing classes). In HIV-1 infected patients, UK-427,857 given as monotherapy for 10 days reduced HIV-1 viral load by up to 1.6 log, consistent with currently available agents. Safety and toleration have been studied in over 400 subjects for up to 28 days at 300 mg twice daily. No significant effects were seen on the QTc interval. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the antiretroviral activity of UK-427,857 in HIV infected, treatment experienced patients who are failing their current antiretroviral regimen and are infected with R5-tropic virus exclusively.
This study will involve more than 100 centers from the US and Canada to achieve a total randomized subject population of 500 subjects. Patients will be randomly (2:2:1) assigned to one of three groups: Optimized Background Therapy [OBT (3-6 drugs based on treatment history and resistance testing)] + UK-427,857 150 mg taken once daily, OBT + UK-427,857 150 mg taken twice daily, or OBT alone.
The study will enroll over approximately a 9 month period with 48 weeks of treatment. This may be extended for an additional year depending on the results at 48 weeks. Physical examinations will be performed at study entry, weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40 and 48. Blood samples will also be taken at study entry, weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, and 48. Additionally, blood samples will be drawn twice, at least 30 minutes apart, at weeks 2 and 24 for UK-427,857 pharmacokinetic analysis. As part of this clinical study a blood sample will also be taken for non-anonymized pharmacogenetic analysis. Patients will undergo a 12-lead electrocardiogram at study entry, weeks 24 and 48.
Ages Eligible for Study: 16 Years and above, Genders Eligible for Study: Both
Inclusion Criteria:
* Men or women at least 16 years of age (or minimum age as determined by local regulatory authorities)
* HIV-1 RNA viral load of greater than or equal to 5,000 copies/mL
* Stable pre-study antiretroviral regimen, or on no antiretroviral agents, for at least 4 weeks
* Documented genotypic or phenotypic resistance to three of the four antiretroviral drug classes, OR, Antiretroviral-class experience greater than or equal to 6 months (sequential or cumulative) with at least three of the following: One nucleoside or nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor, one non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, two protease inhibitors (excluding low-dose ritonavir) and/or enfuvirtide
* Be willing to remain on randomized treatment without any changes or additions to the OBT regimen, except for toxicity management or upon meeting criteria for treatment failure
* A negative urine pregnancy test at the baseline visit for Women of Child Bearing Potential (WOCBP)
* Effective barrier contraception for WOCBP and males
Exclusion Criteria:
* Patients requiring treatment with more than 6 antiretroviral agents (excluding low-dose ritonavir)
* Prior treatment with UK-427,857 or another experimental HIV entry inhibitor for more than 14 days
* Suspected or documented active, untreated HIV-1 related opportunistic infection (OI) or other condition requiring acute therapy
* Treatment for an active opportunistic infection, or unexplained temperature >38.5°C for 7 consecutive days
* Active alcohol or substance abuse sufficient, in the Investigator's judgment, to prevent adherence to study medication and/or follow up
* Lactating women, or planned pregnancy during the trial period
* Significant renal insufficiency
* Previous therapy with a potentially myelosuppressive, neurotoxic, hepatotoxic and/or cytotoxic agent within 30 days prior to randomization or the expected need for such therapy during the study period
* Documented or suspected acute hepatitis or pancreatitis within 30 days prior to randomization
* Significantly elevated liver enzymes or cirrhosis
* Significant neutropenia, anemia or thrombocytopenia
* Malabsorption or an inability to tolerate oral medications
* Symptomatic postural hypotension or severe cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease
* Certain medications
* Malignancy requiring parenteral chemotherapy that must be continued for the duration of the trial
* X4- or dual/mixed-tropic virus or repeated assay failure
* Any other clinical condition that, in the Investigator's judgment, would potentially compromise study compliance or the ability to evaluate safety/efficacy
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