icon-folder.gif   Conference Reports for NATAP  
 
  DDW
Digestive Disease Week
Los Angeles
May 21-24, 2006
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A COMPARATIVE TRIAL OF TELBIVUDINE AND ADEFOVIR DIPIVOXIL FOR TREATMENT OF HBeAg-POSITIVE, COMPENSATED CHRONIC HEPATITIS B: 24 WEEK RESULTS
 
 
  Reported by Jules Levin
DDW, May 21-25, Los Angeles
 
Authors: E J Heathcote, HL-Y Chan, C-L Lai, M Cho,
Y-M Moon, Y-C Chao, R Myers, G Minuk,
P Marcellin, L Jeffers, W Sievert, R Kaiser, G Chao,
G Harb, N Brown, and the 018 Study Group
 
Author Summary: Telbivudine vs Adefovir at 24 Weeks
Significantly greater viral suppression with telbivudine;
B Quantitative reduction of HBV DNA (-6.3 vs -4.97 logs)
B HBV DNA non-detectable by PCR (38% vs 12% <300 copies/ml)
 
More rapid viral suppression with telbivudine - difference vs. adefovir evident after two weeks (see graph below)
 
Significantly more adefovir-treated patients with viral load
> 5 log after 6 months
 
Both treatments well tolerated.
 
Background
- Profound viral suppression: important objective for treatment of chronic hepatitis B
 
- For oral antivirals, efficacy and resistance depend on rapid early suppression of HBV DNA
 
- Comparative trials of antiviral therapies needed to establish relative therapeutic efficacy and safety
 
Telbivudine: Clinical Profile To Date
Phase II and III

Significantly greater efficacy outcomes compared with lamivudine: 1,2
- HBV DNA suppression and clearance to PCR non-detectable
- Protocol-defined "Therapeutic Response"
- HBV DNA < 5 log10 and: HBeAg loss OR ALT normal
- Histologic improvement
- Resistance
1 Lai et al., Gastroenterology 2005; 129:528-536; 2 Lai et al., AASLD 2005
 
Today:
RCT - Telbivudine vs. adefovir dipivoxil, HBeAg-positive CHB
 
Study Design
018 Trial: Telbivudine vs. Adefovir in HBeAg+ Chronic Hepatitis B Patients
Randomized, open label, multicenter trial
Key entry criteria:
-- HBeAg positive, treatment-na´ve, compensated CHB
-- HBV DNA >106 by COBAS Amplicor PCR (LLD 300 cp/mL); ALT 1.3-10 xULN
 

Enrolled-1.gif

Efficacy Endpoints
018 Trial: Telbivudine vs. Adefovir in HBeAg+ Chronic Hepatitis B Patients
 
Primary efficacy endpoint:
B Serum HBV DNA reduction at Week 24
 
Secondary efficacy endpoints:
B Clearance of HBV DNA to PCR non-detectable
B ALT normalization
B _ HBeAg loss
 
Treatment failure (and resistance):
B Primary treatment failure: serum HBV DNA never below 5 log
B _ Resistance - to be assessed at 1 year
 

baseline-2.gif

serum-3.gif