FDA Approves Zoledronic Acid - Reclast(R) - to Prevent Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women With Convenient Less Frequent Dosing, Once Every 2 Years
Novartis press release
- Single infusion of Reclast increases bone mass for two years in postmenopausal women with osteopenia, a condition that can lead to osteoporosis(1)
- Approximately 22 million women in US have osteopenia, or low bone mass, putting them at increased risk of fractures of hip, spine and wrist(2,3)
- Reclast already approved as once-yearly infusion for treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis(1)
EAST HANOVER, N.J., June 1-- Reclast(R) (zoledronic acid) Injection has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as the first and only therapy to prevent postmenopausal osteoporosis for two years with a single dose(1). Reclast is already approved as a once-yearly infusion for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis(1).
The FDA decision is based on a study involving more than 500 postmenopausal women with osteopenia, or low bone mass, showing that a single infusion of Reclast significantly increased bone mineral density (BMD) at two years compared to placebo(1).
Approximately 22 million women in the US have osteopenia, putting them at increased risk of osteoporosis, a disease that causes bones to break more easily(2,3). Osteoporosis is a major public health threat affecting an estimated 10 million men and women in the US(2).
Although low bone mass is less severe in people with osteopenia than those with osteoporosis, they are still at increased risk of fractures(4). In fact, research shows that approximately half of women who experience a fragility fracture, or a broken bone due to a fall from standing height or less, have osteopenia(5,6,7,8), highlighting the importance of treating and preventing further bone loss.
"It is very important to treat postmenopausal women with low bone mass to help prevent them from progressing to osteoporosis," said Mone Zaidi, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine, Geriatrics, and Physiology and Director of the Mount Sinai Bone Program at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York, USA. "The dosing of Reclast for the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis offers an advance over existing therapies since it can be given once every two years, instead of daily, weekly or monthly."
Reclast is already approved as a once-yearly infusion to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis, to increase bone mass in men with osteoporosis, and to treat and prevent osteoporosis caused by glucocorticoids, commonly known as steroids. Reclast is also approved for the treatment of Paget's disease of bone, the second most common metabolic bone disorder, in men and women(1,4).
"We are very pleased that this latest US approval recognizes the large body of safety and efficacy data for Reclast and underlines its potential to protect patients with a number of bone disorders," said Trevor Mundel, MD, Global Head of Development at Novartis Pharma AG. "Women with low bone mass in the US now have an important new option that is proven to strengthen their bones, and therefore help prevent the onset of osteoporosis, for a full two years with only one infusion."
The new indication to prevent bone loss in postmenopausal women with osteopenia was based on a two-year randomized, multi-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 581 postmenopausal women older than 45 years of age. The primary endpoint was the change in BMD at two years relative to baseline(1).
This study included women in early menopause (i.e. within five years of menopause) and late menopause (i.e. more than five years from menopause)(1). Patients were divided into three groups and received either Reclast at the beginning of the study and again at one year, Reclast at the beginning of the study and placebo at one year, or placebo at the beginning of the study and again at one year(1).
Reclast significantly increased lumbar spine BMD relative to placebo at the end of the two-year study (1). Treatment with Reclast given as a single dose at the beginning of the study increased lumbar spine BMD by 6.3% in the early menopause group and by 5.4% in the late menopause group at two years (both p<0.0001)(1).
You should not take Reclast if you're on Zometa(R) (zoledronic acid) Injection because it contains the same active ingredient. Additionally, you should not take Reclast if you have low blood calcium, kidney problems, or are allergic to Reclast. If you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are nursing, you should not take Reclast.
It's important to drink fluids before getting Reclast to help prevent kidney problems. The most common side effects include flu-like symptoms, fever, muscle or joint pain, headache, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Tell your doctor if you have dental problems because rarely, problems with the jaw have been reported with Reclast. Discuss all medicines you are taking, including prescription and non-prescription drugs, vitamins, and herbal supplements. If you develop severe bone, joint, or muscle pain, numbness, tingling or muscle spasms, contact your doctor.
Aclasta/Reclast has been used in nearly 500,000 patients worldwide, including more than 238,000 in the US, to help prevent fractures(9). It is available in all 50 US states and reimbursed by all Medicare Part B carriers and virtually all health insurance plans(10). Reclast can be administered in physicians' offices or at one of more than 5,600 infusion centers located throughout the US(11).
The active ingredient in Reclast is zoledronic acid 5 mg administered once a year when treating postmenopausal osteoporosis(1). Reclast contains the same active ingredient found in Zometa(R) (zoledronic acid) Injection.
For more information about Reclast, visit www.reclast.com or call 866-RECLAST (866-732-5278).
The foregoing release contains forward-looking statements that can be identified by terminology such as "can," "risk," "potential," or similar expressions, or by express or implied discussions regarding potential future revenues from Reclast. You should not place undue reliance on these statements. Such forward-looking statements reflect the current views of management regarding future events, and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results with Reclast to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such statements. There can be no guarantee that Reclast will achieve any particular levels of revenue in the future. In particular, management's expectations regarding Reclast could be affected by, among other things, unexpected regulatory actions or delays or government regulation generally; unexpected clinical trial results, including unexpected new clinical data and unexpected additional analysis of existing clinical data; the company's ability to obtain or maintain patent or other proprietary intellectual property protection; competition in general; government, industry and general public pricing pressures; the impact that the foregoing factors could have on the values attributed to the Novartis Group's assets and liabilities as recorded in the Group's consolidated balance sheet, and other risks and factors referred to in Novartis AG's current Form 20-F on file with the US Securities and Exchange Commission. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those anticipated, believed, estimated or expected. Novartis is providing the information in this press release as of this date and does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained in this press release as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation researches, develops, manufactures and markets leading innovative prescription drugs used to treat a number of diseases and conditions, including those in the cardiovascular, metabolic, cancer, organ transplantation, central nervous system, dermatological, GI and respiratory areas. The company's mission is to improve people's lives by pioneering novel healthcare solutions.
Located in East Hanover, New Jersey, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation is an affiliate of Novartis AG, which provides healthcare solutions that address the evolving needs of patients and societies. Focused solely on healthcare, Novartis offers a diversified portfolio to best meet these needs: innovative medicines, cost-saving generic pharmaceuticals, preventive vaccines, diagnostic tools and consumer health products. Novartis is the only company with leading positions in these areas. In 2008, the Group's continuing operations achieved net sales of USD 41.5 billion and net income of USD 8.2 billion. Approximately USD 7.2 billion was invested in R&D activities throughout the Group. Headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, Novartis Group companies employ approximately 98,000 full-time-equivalent associates and operate in more than 140 countries around the world. For more information, please visit http://www.novartis.com.
(1) Reclast(R) (zoledronic acid) Injection [Prescribing Information].
East Hanover, NJ: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation; May 2009.
(2) National Osteoporosis Foundation. Fast Facts on Osteoporosis
Brochure. February 2008.
(3) National Osteoporosis Foundation. America's Bone Health: The State of
Osteoporosis and Low Bone Mass in Our Nation. Washington, DC:
National Osteoporosis Foundation, 2002.
(4) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Bone Health and
Osteoporosis: A Report of the Surgeon General. 2004.
(5) Siris ES, et al. Bone Mineral Density Thresholds for Pharmacological
Intervention to Prevent Fractures. Arch Intern Med 2004;
(6) Siris ES, Miller PD, Barrett-Connor E, et al. Identification and
fracture outcomes of undiagnosed low bone mineral density in
postmenopausal women JAMA 2001; 286:2815-2822.
(7) Wainwright SA, Marshall LM, Ensrud KE, et al. Hip fracture in women
without osteoporosis. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
(8) Schuit SCE, van der Klift M, Weel AEAM, et al. Fracture incidence and
association with bone mineral density in elderly men and women: the
Rotterdam Study. Bone 2004; 34:195-202.
(9) Novartis Internal (NPMR), based on Aclasta/Reclast vials sold in the
US since launch till Mar 2009.
(10) Novartis Health Policy; USMM; Lash Group.
(11) Aclasta/Reclast Ready Report; 2009, Novartis Data on File. Novartis