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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) annual HIV Surveillance Report titled Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2013
 
 
  is now available online. The report summarizes information about diagnosed HIV infection from 2009 to 2013 representative of all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and six U.S. dependent areas. Overall, HIV diagnosis rates remain stable yet disparities persist among some groups.
 
Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2013 http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library/reports/surveillance/2013/surveillance_Report_vol_25.html
 
Today, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released its 2011 HIV Surveillance Report. This report presents data on diagnoses of HIV infection through 2011, and reported to CDC through June 2012. For the first time, CDC is able to present data on diagnosed HIV infection from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 territories. Now we have a complete picture of diagnosed HIV infection in the U.S. and potential trends in HIV diagnoses for the U.S. can be examined. Surveillance data shows that HIV remains a significant threat. From 2008-2011, the annual estimated number and rate of diagnoses of HIV infection among Americans remained stable in the U.S., yet in 2011, an estimated 49,273 Americans were diagnosed with HIV-far too many.
 
As evidenced by this report and other previously released data , HIV continues to have a devastating toll on Americans, particularly men who have sex with men (MSM) and racial/ethnic minorities:
 
· MSM represents two percent of the U.S. population but 62 percent of all HIV diagnoses are attributed to male-to-male sexual behavior.
 
· African-Americans represent 12 percent of U.S. population but 47 percent of diagnoses of HIV infection.
 
· Latinos account for 16 percent of U.S. population, but 21 percent of HIV diagnoses.
 
At the end of 2010, there were an estimated 872,990 persons in the U.S. living with diagnosed HIV infection. For all people with HIV, it is important to encourage prevention practices and to ensure everyone is fully engaged in care including testing, getting linked to HIV medical care, remaining in care, and receiving treatment.
 
In addition to new data on diagnosed HIV infection in the U.S., CDC's 2011 HIV Surveillance Report has some new elements. HIV diagnosis data by region of residence are presented for the first time to give a better understanding of the geographic distribution of diagnosed HIV infection in the U.S. Also, data in this report are presented using stage of disease to classify HIV infection, as defined by the 2008 revised HIV case definition. CD4 information and the presence or absence of AIDS defining condition are used to determine HIV infection stages. The term "diagnosis of HIV infection" is defined as HIV regardless of stage of disease. The term "HIV infection, stage 3 (AIDS)" refers specifically to persons with diagnosed HIV whose infection was classified as stage 3 (AIDS) during a given year (for diagnoses) or whose infection has ever been classified as stage 3 (AIDS) (for prevalence and death data). In previous reports, stage 3 (AIDS) was described simply as "AIDS".
 
To put the surveillance report's findings in context, CDC has also released a fact sheet, HIV in the United States, which draws on multiple sources to provide an overall picture of the HIV epidemic in the United States. The 2011 HIV Surveillance Report and accompanying fact sheet are posted on the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention's website:
 
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/index.htm. We hope this report is useful to you as we continue to work together to reduce this unacceptable burden of HIV infection. Thank you for your continued commitment to HIV prevention.
 
Please visit www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/index.htm to access the CDC 2011 HIV Surveillance Report, and the fact sheet HIV in the United States.
 
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) annual HIV Surveillance Report titled Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2013, is now available online. The report summarizes information about diagnosed HIV infection from 2009 to 2013 representative of all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and six U.S. dependent areas. Overall, HIV diagnosis rates remain stable yet disparities persist among some groups.
 
The report shows that the annual rate of diagnosis in the United States remained stable with 15.0 per 100,000 in 2013 compared to 15.3 per 100,000 in 2009.
 
Despite this, disparities persist-and in some cases-rates have increased among certain groups. As evidenced by this report and other previously released data, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM); young adults; and racial and ethnic minorities continue to bear the disproportionate burden of HIV, as well as individuals living in the South:
 
· In 2013, MSM (including men with infection attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use) accounted for 68 percent of all new HIV diagnoses-a 10 percent increase from 2009
 
· Young adults aged 25-29 years had the highest diagnosis rate (36.3 per 100,000) followed by persons aged 20-24 years (35.3 per 100,000)
 
· African Americans accounted for the highest rate of HIV diagnoses, 55.9 per 100,000 compared to all other racial and ethnic groups
 
· And regionally, rates per 100,000 were the highest in the South (20.5) compared to the Northeast (15.9), the West (10.8) and the Midwest (9.0)
 
At the end of 2012, there was an estimated 914,826 persons in the United States living with diagnosed HIV infection.
 
For individuals and groups at higher risk for HIV infection, testing is the critical first step towards accessing effective care and prevention services. But testing is only the beginning-once diagnosed, people need medical care and antiretroviral treatment so they can live longer and healthier lives and greatly reduce the chances of passing the virus on to others.
 
Surveillance is the cornerstone to understanding the burden of disease. CDC monitors our nation's progress in reducing HIV so that resources are targeted in the right populations and are used to guide public health action at every level-national, state and local.
 
HIV surveillance data are used by CDC's public health partners, other federal agencies, health departments, nonprofit organizations, academic institutions, and the general public to help monitor and focus primary prevention efforts, testing initiatives, awareness efforts of serostatus among persons living with HIV; and to plan services, allocate resources, develop policy, and monitor trends in HIV infection.
 
The 2013 HIV Surveillance Report is also available on the CDC Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention's website.
 
 
 
 
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