Update on SARS WHO Traces SARS to Civet Cat
By Johnathan Flower, Associated Press
GENEVA (May 23) - The World Health Organization has traced the SARS virus to
the civet cat and two other small mammals in China, and researchers are
investigating a possible link between the animals and the SARS outbreak in humans,
an official said Friday.
Researchers from the University of Hong Kong examined 25 animals representing
eight species in a live animal market in southern China and found the virus
in all six masked palm civets they sampled, as well as in a badger and a
Klaus Stohr, chief SARS virologist at the WHO, said Friday it was impossible
to tell from the study whether any of the animals spread the virus to humans
or whether they caught the virus from people.
''All these animals could have been infected by feed which was given to them
at the market,'' Stohr said. ''Very often these markets have one major
supplier of feed.''
He added that a recent study from Guangdong province in southern China -
where the SARS outbreak first emerged in November - indicated that more than 30
percent of the early SARS cases there were food handlers.
''This is corroborative evidence that there make be a link between the
wildlife and the emergence of SARS.''
The Hong Kong researchers said people could have been infected while raising,
slaughtering or cooking the animals and that eating fully cooked meat was
Civet cats are nocturnal animals related to the mongoose, with long tails and
catlike bodies. They resemble small raccoons or weasels.
The researchers said it was possible that SARS was transmitted to the animals
through human feces used in fertilizer, and that the virus did not originate
with them. They recommended that such game animals be raised, slaughtered and
sold under careful monitoring.
Meanwhile, the WHO lifted its SARS-related travel advisories Friday for Hong
Kong and Guangdong province, declaring the virus there under control.
It continued to advise against nonessential travel to the Chinese capital,
Beijing, and to the regions of Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi and Tianjin. It
also continued to advise against travel to Taiwan, because of continuing new
transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome.
There also have been no recent reports of cases being exported to other
countries from Hong Kong or Guangdong province. All new cases in the past 20 days
have occurred in people who were ''already identified as contacts of a person
with SARS and under active surveillance by the local health authorities,'' WHO
SARS has infected more than 8,000 people worldwide and killed at least 689,
the vast majority in China and Hong Kong.
''The outbreak in many areas of China is ongoing, and will require continuing
intensive efforts as well as a rapid injection of new resources to fully
contain SARS,'' WHO said.
Also, an American physician with the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention who was helping Taiwan battle SARS left the island Friday on a charter
flight after developing a fever and other symptoms possibly caused by the virus.
Chesley L. Richards Jr. was headed for Atlanta, where the CDC is
headquartered. He had been in Taiwan since May 15, visiting the emergency rooms and
intensive-care units at two Taipei hospitals where SARS outbreaks were reported.
WHO says it is seeking $200 million to launch a fund to help Asian nations
combat SARS through medical surveillance and analysis.
It also said the SARS has infected chains of up to 15 people and appears to
be just as hardy in its last victim as in its first. Some other viruses mutate
over time, and their ability to transmit weakens.
Taiwan reported 55 new SARS cases Friday but no new deaths. The island's
total number of infections is 538 and the death toll is 60 - the third-highest
toll after mainland China and Hong Kong.
In Canada, health officials say they fear that four people in a Toronto
hospital may be ill with SARS. All four are in a respiratory isolation ward, two in
critical condition. If confirmed, they would be the city's first new SARS
cases since April 19.