icon-folder.gif   Conference Reports for NATAP  
  12th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI)
Feb 22-25, 2005
Boston, MA
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TMC114/r in 3-Class Experienced Patients: 24-week interim analysis
  Reported By Jules Levin
"Antiretroviral Therapy: New Agents"
At the 4pm oral session Friday on the last day of this 12th CROI, encouraging and promising new information was presented for several new antiretroviral drugs in various stages of development. I think everyone walked out of this session smiling because the data and promise for new drug development looks promising. The most important presentation was the 24 week interim analysis of the efficacy of TMC-114/r, a new protease inhibitor for patients with extensive PI & ART resistance. The second exciting advance was the first time data in patients was presented publicly for Merck's integrase inhibitor. Third, Panacos Pharmaceuticals presented promising resultsfrom giving patients single-dose therapy of their new drug PA-457, a maturation inhibitor. And Tibotec also presented first-time new data for TMC278, a new NNRTI that is active against NNRTI resistance. I'll review all these drugs but first the most important, TMC114/r.
"Efficacy of TMC114/r in 3-Class-Experienced Patients with Limitred Treatment Options: 24 week planned interim analysis of two 96-week multi-national studies"
--study patients had extensive treatment-experience; used average of 11 prior ARVs, 4 PIs, ! NNRTI, 5 NRTIs. 15% previously used T20. Patients had extensive resistance to PIs: LPV/r 80-fold; ATV 38-fold; SQV 29-fold; APV 19-fold; TMC114 4-fold; patients had 18 protease mutations.
--Efficacy of TMC114 was greatest with 600 mg b.i.d. and significantly better than control
--Sustained mean VL reduction 1.85 vs. 0.27 log for control group
--Patients with >1 log reduction 72% vs. 16% for control group
--Patients with <50 copies/mL 47% vs. 9% for control group
--Mean CD4 cells/mm3 increase 75 vs. 15 for control group
--patients who used T20 (naive) : 67% in 600mg bid group had <50 copies/ml (ITT NC=F); patients with 3 or more primary PI mutations: 48% had <50 copies/ml; patients with no sensitive ARV in OBR: 31% had <50 copies/ml
--TMC114 safety and tolerability was comparable to available boosted PI regimens and not dose dependent
--TMC114/RTV 600/100 mg b.i.d. shows promise for 3-class--experienced patients with limited treatment options and has been selected for Phase 3 studies
The presentation included results from two dose-finding studies (TMC114-C213/C202). Patients were partially blinded, to dose). Patients were equally randomized to 1 of 4 TMC114 doses (given with lo-dose RTV) or investigator selected PI regimen in combination with optimized background regimen:
--400/100r and 800/100r mg once daily (qd)
--400/100r and 600/100r mg twice daily (bid)
--Control: investigator selected PI regimen
Total treatment duration is 96 weeks.
he study is multinational & multicenter in 14 countries at 96 participating sites.
The primary objective/end point is to evaluate the relationship between dose of TMC114 & antiviral response (change in HIV RNA) at 24 weeks.
--T20 use (yes, no)
--Baseline viral load (<20,000, >20,000)
--number of primary PI mutations (1, 2, >=3)
--liss than 0.5 log reduction in HIV RNA >8 weeks
--less than 1.0 log reduction >12 weeks
--2 consecutive measurements of plasma HIV RNA greater than 0.5 log above nadir
PLANNED INTERIM ITT: subjects who changed/discontinued prior to week 24 had their change in HIV RNA & CD4 imputed to 0.
--at least 3-class experienced (PI, NRTI, NNRTI)
--currently receiving a PI regimen
--at least 1 primary PI mutation (ant combination, IAS-USA list March 2003)
--plasma HIV RNA >1000 copies/ml
--no CD4 count restrictions
--coinfection with hepatitis C or B allowed in TMC114-C213.
All TMC114 Control
N 397 100
Male 89% 89%
Mean age 44 yrs 44 yrs
Caucausian 74% 75%
Mean duration of infection 12 yrs 13 yrs
Mean baseline viral load 4.61 log 4.47 log
Median CD4 count 136 163
HCV/HBV coinfection 12% 20%

All TMC114 Control
Mean duration (yrs)
NRTI use 8 9
PI 6 5
Mean # of ARVs previously used
All 11 11
NRTIs 5 6
NNRTIs 1 1
PIs 4 4
Previous T20 use 17% 12%
Previous TPV use 8% 8%

*patients were not permitted prior use of TPV.
Patients were mostly resistant to available PIs except to TMC114.
Study patients had on average 80-fold resistance to LPV/r (Kaletra), 38-fold to atazanavir, 29-fold to SQV, 19-fold to amprenavir, and were 4-fold resistant to TMC114, to which no clinical cutoff has been developed.
Number of PR Mutations (median) All TMC114 Control
Primary PI mutations 3 3
PI-resistance-associated mutations 8 8
All PR mutations 18 18

IAS-USA list of resistance mutations
October 2003, used for analysis of data:
D30N, L33F/I/V, M46I/L, G48V, I50L/V, V82A/F/L/S/T, I84A/C/V, L90M
48% of patients receiving TMC114 used T20: 35% were T20 naïve & 15% were T20 experienced. 41% in the control group used T20.
PI Regimens
--single PI boosted 71
--double PI 2
--double PI boosted 27
LPV/r 39
SQV 36
APV 34
ATV 17
Other 3
Random/tx 397 100
Reached W24 or d/c 255 74
All discontinued 9% 51%
-AE 4% 2%
-viral failure 2% 43%
-withdrawal 2% 6%

Change From Baseline in HIV RNA at Week 24: ITT NC=F
Week 24:
600 bid (n=64): -1.85 log
400 bid (n=64): -1.47 log
800 qd (n=61): -1.43 log
400 qd (n=66): -1.34 log
control: -0.27 log
CD4 Count: mean change from baseline (ITT M=F:
+75 cells for 600 bid
+50-55 for the other 3 TMC dose groups vs +15 for controls.
>=1 Log10 Reduction at Week 24: ITT NC=F
600 bid: 72%
400 bid: 58%
800 qd: 56%
400 qd: 55%
control: 16%
HIV RNA <50 at Week 24: ITT NC=F
600 bid: 47%
400 bid: 38%
800 qd: 31%
400 qd: 30%
control: 9%
There was no difference between the 600 bid arm, the All TMC114 & Control groups in numbers of any adverse events, any AE (ACTG grade 3 or 4), any serious event, discontinuation due to AE or mean exposure (weeks). ACTG grade 3 or 4: 26 (600/100), 25 (all TMC114), 23 Control. Any serious AE: 9 in 600/100, 13 all TMC114, 11 Controls. Disct due to AE: 4 (600/100), 4 all TMC114, 2 Controls.
The most common adverse events were headache (15%), diarrhea (15%), nausea (17%), insomnia (3%), fatigue (7%) in 600/100. In each case Controls had higher percentages.
Grade 3 or 4
--GGT: 28% TMC114, 1% Controls
--AST: 1.8% TMC114, Controls 3%
--ALT: 1% TMC114, Control 1%
--no liver related SAE was reported during treatment on TMC 114
--safety & lab profiles of coinfected HBV & HCV patients were similar to overall population.
Grade 3 or 4:
--triglycerides: TMC114 6.6%, Control 6%
--total cholesterol: 1.5% TMC114, Control 1%