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Prioritising the values of potential users to promote uptake of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis
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Benefits of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) extend beyond HIV risk reduction. Users report a range of physical, emotional, and social effects, including reduced anxiety, increased intimacy, and greater sexual satisfaction. For some people, these benefits are the primary motivation for using PrEP. To successfully engage in shared decision making about HIV prevention methods, clinicians need to be able to discuss all potential risks and benefits of PrEP. These risks and benefits include not only those related to HIV risk reduction and other clinical outcomes, but also those related to experiences and relationships that people value. However, national and international clinical resources on the provision of PrEP do not include user-reported outcomes that are values-based or reflect positive effects on personal, social, or sexual wellbeing. To better integrate the values of potential users into discussions about PrEP, clinician training programmes and clinical guidelines need to be guided by community-driven frameworks and expanded to include user-reported outcomes of PrEP use, including beneficial effects. Achieving PrEP uptake and equity goals will require an approach to PrEP provision that centres the values and desired experiences of potential users, particularly those from populations with the greatest unmet need for PrEP.

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